Wandering Camera

(Translated b
y Andrei Frizyuk)


The development of Russian capitalism in the pre-revolutionary years was accompanied by the spread of Revivalist styles and Art Nouveau. The newest trends in architecture were primarily expressed in apartment houses whose owners required more profuse decoration (to attract lodgers) and more living space (to get more profits). The most demanded apartments were situated in close vicinity of celebrated architectural complexes upon which account the unity of some complexes was disrupted by newly built structures. Representative examples of this disruption are the Neva front of the Admiralty and the plot between the Tauride Palace and the Neva. The same trends have been observed in the post-perestroika period as well.


The New Hermitage

The building was constructed in 1839-52 expressly for housing art collections of the imperial Hermitage museum. It is one of the best preserved masterpieces by Leo von Klenze. The portico with atlas figures (in the photo) is particularly notable..

Architect: Leo von Klenze
Style: Greek Revival

Website: www.hermitagemuseum.org
Address: Millionnaya St., 35
Nearest metro stations: Gostinyi dvor, Gorkovskaya

Location: На карте

The Museum of Applied Arts

The building was erected in 1885-95 to house the applied arts museum, currently affiliated with the V.I. Mukhina Art School ("Mukha").

Architect: Maximilian Messmacher
Style: Renaissance Revival

Address: Solyanoi passage, 15
Nearest metro stations: Gostinyi dvor, Tchernyshevskaya

Location:  На карте

The Suvorov Museum

The edifice was built in 1901-04 for the purpose of allocating the Suvorov Museum of Military History.

Architect: Alexander von Hohen
Style: Russian Revival

Address: Kirochnaya St., 43
Nearest metro station: Tchernyshevskaya

Location: На карте

The mansion of Emir of Bokhara

This house dates back to 1913.
The architect is Stepan S. Krichinsky.
Style: Neoclassical Revival

Address: Kamennoostrovsky Avenue, 44
Nearest metro station: Petrogradskaya

The mansion of Mathilde Kschessinska

The building, constructed in 1904-06, has been functioning successively as the house of the prima ballerina assoluta of the Russian Imperial Ballet, the head-quarters of the Bolshevik party, the V.I.Lenin Museum, and (since the perestroika) the Russian Political History Museum.

Architect: Alexander von Hohen
Style: Art Nouveau. 

Address: Kronverksky Avenue, 11/12
Nearest metro station: Gorkovskaya

Location: На карте

The Polezhaev apartment house

The house was built in 1913-15 to a design by Ivan I. Yakovlev
Style: Art Nouveau

Address: Starorusskaya St., 5
Nearest metro station: Ploschad Vosstaniya

Location: На карте

The Eliseev emporium

The gourmet food store was commissioned by the Brothers Eliseev & Co from the architect Gavriil Baranovsky. It was constructed in 1903-07. Lately the building has been shared by the Comedy Theatre and the store (still known as the Eliseevsky).

Style: "Merchant" Art Nouveau

Address: Nevsky Avenue, 56
Nearest metro station: Gostinyi dvor

Location: На карте

The Stanovoy apartment house

It was built in 1908-09 in an eclectic design by Dmitri Kryzanowski
Style: Art Nouveau

Address: Mytninskaya St., 5
Nearest metro station: Ploschad Vosstaniya

Location:: На карте

"The Turreted House"

Another apartment house, built in 1913 by Constantine Rozenstein and Andrei Belogrud

Style: Revivalist

Address: Lev Tolstoy St., 2
Nearest metro station: Petrogradskaya

Location: На карте




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