Let us for the sake of variety interrupt our palace
tours and take a look at the Krasnoye Znamya (Red Flag) hosiery factory,
aka Krasny Textilschik (Red Textile Worker).
Before the 1917 revolution the factory
was located in this building on what is now called the Krasny Kursant
(Red Cadet) street. The building is a characteristic representative of
the so-called "brick" style of the time. At the time the plant was known
as the Kerstner socks and stockings factory.
After the revolution,
once industry revived, a need arose for a newer, more modern facility.
The new building was erected in the
This photo shows the factory power plant, built in the
"constructivism" style. The factory itself takes up a large area.
The semicircular part of the building that is closest to us contains
the intake well, the settler, the clean water tank, the "American"
filters, the primary pumps, and the water tower.
At the back, topped by the smoke stacks, are the seven boiler blocks.
The building is 26 meters high.
Looks like a ship, doesn't it?
The main smoke stack and the memorial
plaque below weren't there when construction completed in 1926.
photo is from "Industrial architecture of Saint-Petersburg" by
M.S.Shtigliz, Saint-Petersburg, "Zhurnal Neva" Publishing, 1996)
The building was erected in 1925-1927 by
the German architect Erich Mendelsohn.
It is a little strange that the
builder was ignored by the well known three-volume "The Architects of
Mendelsohn's design was not fully
implemented. During construction conflicts arose with the local
Leningrad architects (Mendelsohn was offered the project without
In the end he even disavowed authorship of the project.
The original plan envisioned at least three more painting blocks.
Here is what Mendelsohn's design called
The factory appears to be closed now.
Parts of it are rented for storage space by other businesses, as is
common with almost all factories in the city.
In the courtyard, to
which I gained access after a prolonged discussion with the guards,
there is a building. I hope someone will enlighten me on its operations,
so that I may report here :)
The coal supply escalator.
A view of factory blocks from the inner
At a nearby square, on the same street
(across from the Mojaisky Academy) there is a memorial:
of the children of the workers of Petrograd who took part in the
suppression of the counterrevolutionary Junker revolt in October 1917"
One is jarred by the realization that the
memorial used to have metal letters, long ago stolen for scrap. What is
surprising, of course, is not that the letters are gone, but that
someone restored the text by simply painting it by hand. :-)
Similar restoration was done on the
memorial plaque in front of the factory:
"The first Young Pioneers
troop in Petrograd was established at the Red Flag factory in 1923."
The street, by the way, is called the Young Pioneers.
The right column now has a new section: "From the history of